About the Authors
Dr John Borrie is an associate fellow with the International Security Programme at Chatham House. Based in Geneva, he is research coordinator and leads the Weapons of Mass Destruction and Other Strategic Weapons Programme at the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR). Since joining UNIDIR in 2004, he has managed and led research projects on a range of topics related to international security, particularly on arms control, humanitarian law and disarmament, and he has published widely. Prior to joining UNIDIR, he worked in the arms unit of the International Committee of the Red Cross, and before that as deputy for disarmament at the New Zealand Permanent Mission to the UN in Geneva.
Dr Maria Rost Rublee is an associate professor of international relations at Monash University, with expertise in constructivism, social psychology, nuclear politics, and diversity in security studies. Her current nuclear-related projects include analysis of the second wave of nuclear taboo research, investigation into the social construction of nuclear energy, and examination of Australia’s nuclear futures. Her work has been published in journals including Contemporary Security Policy, International Studies Review, Comparative Political Studies, and The Nonproliferation Review; and her book, Nonproliferation Norms: Why States Choose Nuclear Restraint (University of Georgia Press, 2009), received the Alexander George Book Award by the International Society for Political Psychology.
Cristina Varriale is a research fellow in proliferation and nuclear policy at the Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies (RUSI), where she focuses on North Korea’s WMD programmes, inter-Korean relations, US extended deterrence in East Asia, and disarmament diplomacy in the NPT. Prior to joining RUSI in 2016, she worked in nuclear policy and research with the International Centre for Security Analysis (ICSA) and the British American Security Information Council (BASIC). She has also been a contributor at IHS Jane’s, producing open-source research on historical and current nuclear programmes. She holds an MA in non-proliferation and international security from King’s College London; and was part of the 2018 Nuclear Scholars Initiative at the Center for Strategic Studies in Washington, DC.
Dr Tanya Ogilvie-White is an adjunct senior fellow at the Griffith Asia Institute, Griffith University. Previously, she was research director of the Centre for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament, Crawford School of Public Policy; senior analyst at the Australian Strategic Policy Institute, Canberra; senior fellow at the International Institute for Strategic Studies, London; Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow; and senior lecturer in international relations at the University of Canterbury, Christchurch. Her publications include Nuclear Weapons: The State of Play 2015 (with Gareth Evans and Ramesh Thakur; Centre for Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament, 2015), Slaying the Nuclear Dragon: Disarmament Dynamics in the 21st Century (editor, with David Santoro; University of Georgia Press, 2012) and On Nuclear Deterrence: The Correspondence of Sir Michael Quinlan (IISS/Routledge, 2014).
Dr Andrew Futter is associate professor of international politics and former director of research for politics and international relations at the University of Leicester. He specializes in contemporary nuclear weapons issues and the impact of technology on security policy. He is the author and editor of six books, including his most recent monograph, Hacking the Bomb: Cyber Threats and Nuclear Weapons (Georgetown University Press, 2018). He has previously held visiting positions at the Centre for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation in Washington, DC; the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at Monterey; and the Norwegian Nobel Institute in Oslo. He is an adviser to the Nuclear Threat Initiative’s Cyber-Nuclear Threats Task Force, an honorary fellow in nuclear security at the University of Birmingham, and a member of the editorial board of The Nonproliferation Review. In August 2020 he will begin a five-year European Research Council-funded project, NUCLEARREV, examining the impact of new technologies on the global nuclear order.
Dr Jamie Shea is an associate fellow with the International Security Programme at Chatham House; professor of strategy and security of the Strategy and Security Institute, University of Exeter; and a member of the Group of Strategic Advisors of the NATO Special Operations Forces Command at SHAPE in Belgium. He was previously an international public servant and a member of the International Staff of NATO for 38 years, latterly as deputy assistant secretary-general for emerging security challenges. He is also a senior transatlantic fellow of the German Marshall Fund of the United States, and a senior fellow at the London School of Economics. He serves on the board of the Royal Danish Defence College, Copenhagen, and is currently a senior adviser at the European Policy Centre and a senior fellow at Friends of Europe, both in Brussels.
Peter Watkins CB CBE is an associate fellow at Chatham House. At the UK Ministry of Defence, latterly as director-general Strategy & International, he was responsible in 2014–18 for strategic defence policy and planning, international defence relations (including NATO), deterrence and other matters. He was previously director-general of the Defence Academy of the United Kingdom (2011–14); and he also held senior posts in operational policy, in acquisition (director, Typhoon), and overseas (at the UK embassy in Berlin). He is currently also a visiting professor at King’s College London and a visiting senior fellow with LSE IDEAS.
Christine Parthemore is chief executive officer of the Council on Strategic Risks (CSR) in Washington, DC, the parent organization of the Center for Climate and Security. She has also been an adjunct professor in the global security studies programme at Johns Hopkins University since 2010. In 2016 she was a Council on Foreign Relations international affairs fellow in Tokyo, where she researched Japan’s approach to international civil nuclear cooperation. Previously, she served in the US Department of Defense as senior adviser to the assistant secretary for nuclear, chemical and biological defence programmes, an office engaged in research and development, acquisition, treaty compliance and international partnership programmes, in addition to directing the Nuclear Weapons Council. She has also worked at various think-tanks, and has extensive experience in Asia, the Middle East and Europe.