This paper will identify, raise awareness of, and help reduce risks to NATO’s nuclear weapon systems arising from cybersecurity vulnerabilities. It aims to respond to the need for more public information on cyber risks in NATO’s nuclear mission, and to provide policy-driven research to shape and inform nuclear policy at member-state level.
The authors would like to thank Ploughshares Fund and the Stanley Center for Peace and Security for their funding and support of this research project. In particular, we appreciate the contributions of Ben Loehrke to this research, and his trust in our work.
Many other people have contributed to this project. We express gratitude to all the participants who attended our research workshop on the topic in 2019. Particular thanks go to Patricia Lewis, Philip Reiner, Andrew Futter and Jamie Shea, among many others. We received valuable feedback from anonymous peer reviewers, whose opinions we have incorporated as far as possible. Finally, many thanks go to Chatham House publications team for their work with us on this paper.