Mozambique: A People's Peace

Only seven years ago Mozambique was the poorest country on earth, devastated by a civil war that claimed an estimated one million lives and displaced some five million people. In that war the basic infrastructure of the country – its communications, commerce and health facilities – were destroyed.

The World Today Published 1 January 2000 Updated 27 October 2020 3 minute READ

The economic cost has been estimated at US$15 billion. Today, its second democratic election held peacefully in December, Mozambique is seen as one of Africa’s success stories with a growing economy, stability and political tolerance.

Mozambique’s renaissance is unique. the guns fell silent even before the Rome peace accords were signed in 1992. The end of the Cold War; the abolition of apartheid; rising costs for Zimbabwe’s troops inside Mozambique in support of Frelimo; and the decline of Kenya’s regional ambitions, removed many of the external ingredients that had fed the civil war.

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