Mining’s Impacts on Forests

Aligning policy and finance for climate and biodiversity goals
Research paper Updated 19 November 2021 Published 14 October 2020 ISBN: 978 1 78413 418 1
Satellite image of the Carajás iron ore mine in Brazil

Siân Bradley

Former Senior Research Fellow, Environment and Society Programme

Delivering on climate goals will require a rapid halt to deforestation, and reforestation and afforestation at scale. But it will also require a secure and sustainable supply of minerals and materials for green technologies and sustainable infrastructure. Many of these commodities are found in critical forest landscapes, placing forests at increased risk as demand for minerals increases. This paper explores the mining sector’s impacts on forests, and the potential for ‘forest-smart’ mining policies and practices to support deforestation-free mineral supply chains.