Russia is invading Ukraine from three directions – east from the occupied Donbas, north from Belarus, and south from the annexed Crimea. The militarization of the Black Sea has also served as a staging ground for the Russian forces to launch attacks on Ukraine.
The large Black Sea port city of Mariupol is currently under siege by missiles lunched from Russian military cruise ships off its coast. While the militarization of the sea devastates Ukrainian cities, it is also disrupting commodities and goods movement across the water.
NATO countries Bulgaria, Romania, and Turkey also share a border with the Black Sea, so how does this impact their ability to trade and travel safely?
How is Ukraine responding militarily to Russian hostilities in the Black Sea?
What is the response to Russian aggression from NATO neighbours on the Black Sea?
How do NATO member-states prepare to ensure Ukraine sustains its defences and ensures the war does not spill over?
This forms part of Chatham House’s research on the Future of Conflict.
As with all Chatham House member events, questions from members drive the conversation.