This panel discussion considers how the E3 format of France, Germany, and the UK has supported policymaking to date and gone beyond its original purpose to facilitate dialogue on Iran’s nuclear programme.
Discussions consider whether broadening and deepening E3 activity is desirable and possible, especially with the complications created by the lack of an EU-UK arrangement on foreign, security and defence policy.
In the context of the publication of a new Chatham House research paper Towards a strategic agenda for the E3: Opportunities and risks for France, Germany and the UK, this event takes stock of the risks, opportunities, and ways forward for E3 cooperation.
Panellists discuss implications for the European Union (EU) and for non-E3 European states, and debate whether this exclusive format of diplomatic cooperation can be beneficial for Europe as a whole as well as for the transatlantic relationship.
- What are the motivations and hesitations of Paris, Berlin and London regarding the use of the E3 format?
- How to position the format vis a vis other European states, the US and the EU institutions?
- In what areas might France, Germany and the UK might further cooperate on foreign and security issues via the E3 format in the future?
Chair: Hans Kundnani, Senior Research Fellow, Europe Programme, Chatham House
Anna Wieslander, Director for Northern Europe, Atlantic Council
Dr Roderick Parkes, Research Director; Head, Alfred Von Oppenheim Center for European Policy Studies, German Council on Foreign Relations
Alice Billon-Galland, Research Fellow, Europe Programme, Chatham House