Between Order and Chaos

A New Approach to Stalled State Transformations in Iraq and Yemen

International policymakers have failed to stabilize states such as Iraq and Yemen, partially because of the assumed binary distinction between state failure and success. This paper advocates for a ‘middle–out’ approach that aims to strengthen the connectivity between the bureaucracy and de facto authorities.

Research paper Updated 8 February 2021 Published 9 September 2019 ISBN: 978 1 78413 358 0