From a climate change perspective, the importance of the hurricane is not that it was caused by climate change – whether or not it actually was, will be difﬁcult to resolve, because the question fundamentally misunderstands the nature of extreme climate impacts.
Climate change alters probabilities. Higher sea levels make breaching of levees more likely. Extreme sea surface temperatures, associated with the thickening of the greenhouse blanket and the removal over past decades of the masking layer of other pollutants, make intense hurricanes more likely, and also weaken the corals that help dampen coastal storm waters. But both are subject to multiple other inﬂuences too.
Although there is some evidence of tropical storms becoming more intense, the more exceptional the nature of the event, the more sparse are the statistics to rely on in passing judgement about trends and causes.