At the time of the Dayton accords, when sixty thousand NATO-led troops ﬂooded into the country to enforce the deal, it was widely assumed that once they left, it would soon relapse into a state of perpetual ethnic warfare. So, it comes as a surprise for many to ﬁnd that Bosnia is unrecognisable from the way it was ten years ago.
Today the NATO force has been replaced by a European Union (EU) one of just over six thousand troops. Freedom of movement is universal. The old frontlines are often difﬁcult to identify, except by people who remember where they were. Bosnia has one currency, one passport, and an increasing number of common organisations.
Most signiﬁcantly, of 2.2 million refugees, almost half of the pre-war population, perhaps only 250,000 are still waiting to go home. More than ninety per cent of property claims relating to the war of 1992-95 have been settled.