The HIV/AIDS scourge has not begun to level off in Africa. Estimates published last year by the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) are overwhelming: nearly 29.4 million adults in sub-Saharan Africa are infected. The disease has orphaned nearly eleven million African children. Without a marked improvement in prevention, treatment and vaccine research, an estimated ﬁfty ﬁve million Africans will have died by 2020. The bad news is that AIDS appears to be apocalyptic. The good news is that the pandemic is the most profound reason to stop doing business as usual.
The urge to stress the immensity of the crisis is driven by more than a concern for the moral implications of the AIDS holocaust. The fact is that estimates of its impact represent new realities that will affect economic, political and cultural processes. Important questions are raised about long-term stability, among which, how will the pandemic affect the economic and political security of Africa?