Success in a new war against Iraq would be a deﬁning moment in the evolution of the ‘Bush doctrine’. In the aftermath of September 11, we have seen growing coherence and conﬁdence in this strategy of ‘offensive defence’.
The Bush doctrine does not appear to tolerate non- alignment in the campaign against terrorism. In this conﬂict there can be no moderates, only those for or against the United States. In many respects it is an attempt to codify international relations in the post-Cold War era, recognising and institutionalising the political effects of globalisation.